Mechanical Design, Dynamics, and Control of Micro Vibratory Gyroscopes


Micro-machined vibratory gyroscopes are very small devices (up to a few millimeters in dimension) that work based on Coriolis force coupling between two resonance modes. The small size, low power consumption, and cheap price make these sensors popular in automotive, gaming, smart phones, and robotics industries. These sensors referred to as MEMS (microelectromechanical system) gyroscopes are currently not used for navigation applications because due to their miniature size and imperfections in fabrication methods they do not have enough accuracy. In this thesis, we present methods in design and control algorithms for MEMS vibratory gyroscopes to cancel the effect of imperfections in fabrication and improve gyroscopes' performance. First chapter of this thesis is an introduction on MEMS vibratory gyroscopes and their principles and standard operations modes. The second chapter presents the structural design and analysis of a single-structure 3-axis MEMS gyroscope. The gyroscope has four resonant modes of interest and uses a decoupling mechanism whereby auxiliary masses are used to actuate the drive mode of the gyroscope...

Publication date: 
June 1, 2017
Publication type: 
Ph.D. Dissertation
Tehrani, S. P. T. (2017). Mechanical Design, Dynamics, and Control of Micro Vibratory Gyroscopes. United States: University of California, Davis.

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