The physical size and effective modal volume of conventional lasers with visible and near-infrared emission wavelengths are usually in the micrometer range due to the diffraction limit. The length scale of electronic transistors, however, is currently sub-100 nm thanks to the advance of fabrication technologies. For future integration of electronic and photonic devices on a chip-scale platform, we need novel laser sources that are not only compact but also capable of steering light in any direction necessary and potentially electrically injectable. In this project, a nanopatch laser based on direct-gap semiconductor integrated with a plasmonic metal is used to create a small footprint laser.
Project end date: 08/16/12