Exciton-exciton annihilation (EEA) is a nonradiative process commonly observed in excitonic materials at high exciton densities. Like Auger recombination, EEA degrades luminescence efficiency at high exciton densities and causes efficiency roll-off in light-emitting devices. Near-unity photoluminescence quantum yield has been demonstrated in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) at all exciton densities with optimal band structure modification mediated by strain. Although the recombination pathways in TMDCs are well understood, the practical application of light-emitting devices has been challenging. Here, we demonstrate a roll-off free electroluminescence (EL) device composed of TMDC monolayers tunable by strain. We show a 2 orders of magnitude EL enhancement from the WSe2 monolayer by applying a small strain of 0.5%. We attain an internal quantum efficiency of 8% at all injection rates. Finally, we demonstrate transient EL turn-on voltages as small as the band gap. Our approach will contribute to practical applications of roll-off free optoelectronic devices based on excitonic materials.
June 21, 2022
Uddin, Shiekh Zia; Higashitarumizu, Naoki; Kim, Hyungjin; Rahman, I. K. M. Reaz; Javey, Ali (1753): Efficiency Roll-Off Free Electroluminescence from Monolayer WSe2. ACS Publications. Collection. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.2c01311